The Algonquian is the primary language that the Shawnee individuals use to speak to each other. In the pre-colonial times, they were a semi-migratory nation mainly occupying places of Ohio Valley and extended to other parts. Apart from Ohio Valley, there are other places such as South Carolina, Texas, Pennsylvania, Tennessee, Oklahoma, and Kansas that have been confirmed as some of the other tribal territories of the Shawnee tribe. Because of European-American pressure, the Shawnee migrated to Missouri and Oklahoma. Competition for natural resources was not the only issue that was facing the Shawnee tribe but there were conflicts as well that led to their search for other new areas. At the beginning, the numbers of the Shawnee tribe were significant enough, but the numbers did not maintain or increase because of various circumstances. One of the reasons of the lessening of the population was the civil war. A majority of the population passed on diseases like smallpox, fever and flu from the settlers and they succumbed to the various illnesses thus leading to their decrease.
Piqua Shawnee is one of the groupings that encompass the larger Shawnee tribe. The extra tribes that make up the Shawnee tribe are Kispoko, Chillicothe, Hathawekela, and Mequachake. The Piqua Shawnee was named after a mythical evil man who came back from death to lead a set to walk in accordance with the inordinate spirit. Clouds could be seen arising from the fire, and that was believed to be the leader. The Shawnee have always maintained a good sense of tribal identity.
There was the distribution of labor between the males and females. Being on the farm was a task for the ladies. Apart from farming, cooking and taking care of families was done by women. For each celebration that happened, it was directly affected by the agricultural sequence. The Shawnee networked with various other tribes due to their migratory nature. Trade for services and goods used to happen between the Shawnee tribe and other tribes that were around.
After the Indian war, many of the indigenous people were moved in the Oklahoma territory. The way of life of the larger Shawnee tribe is manifested through the Piqua Shawnee who does what, the larger entity does. The Shawnee are scattered in various parts. There are countries like Kentucky and Alabama that have authoritatively embraced the Shawnee tribe as theirs. The principal chief, clan elders, clan men, and women make up the tribal council that is tasked with the running of the tribal affairs of the Shawnee. The Shawnee tribe are identified to make arts and crafts like pottery, beadwork and wood carving. The Shawnee tribe also designed wampum beads which were traded as currency and also culturally vital as an art material.