The Thing You Need To Know About A Medical Laboratory
A medical laboratory is a place where the tests for the clinical specimen will be done in order to get the information needed for the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of a disease on a patient. Clinical laboratories focus on applied science mainly on the production-like basis not like the research laboratories that focus on basic science on an academic basis.
There are two departments when it comes to laboratory medicine and each department will be subdivided into different units. These two departments are listed below.
Anatomic pathology – the units under this department are the cytopathology, electron microscopy, and histopathology. Academically, each of the units can be studied alone in a single course. The other courses related to this section are histology, pathophysiology, pathology, and physiology.
Clinical pathology that includes the following:
Clinical microbiology – this surrounds five different units of science. Mycology, immunology, bacteriology, parasitology, and virology are the units included here!
Clinical chemistry – the units that are under this section are toxicology, endocrinology, enzymology, and the instrumental analysis of blood components.
Hermatology – the manual and automated analysis of the blood cells are the units that are under this section. The two subunits in this section are the blood bank and coagulation.
Cytogenetics is a subspecialty that is studied alongside genetics.
Reproductive biology – assisted reproductive technology, semen analysis, and sperm bank are in this section.
The distribution of clinical laboratories to each health institutions will be different from place to place. An example for this is that some health institutions will have one lab intended for microbiology while some will not have a lab for microbiology but will have different labs for each unit.
You can find a detailed analysis on the responsibilities of the laboratory equipment for urinalysis and hermatology in this website.
Microbiology will receive almost any kind of clinical specimen like feces, blood, swabs, sputum, snynovial fluid, possible infected tissues, urine and cerebrospinal fluid. The main work here is focused on cultures, looking for possible pathogens that if found, will be identified further based on biochemical tests. A pathogen will also undergo a sensitivity test in order to find out if it is resistant or sensitive to a given medicine. The results will be reported with the determined organism or organisms, and the type and number of drugs that will be given to the patient.
The types of medical laboratories
There are two main types of medical laboratories that will process most of the medical specimens in a lot of countries. The patients will undergo tests in hospital laboratories that you can find in several hospitals. The samples from health clinics, general practitioners, clinical research sites, and insurance companies will be analyzed in private laboratories. There are so many websites that can provide you with more information about medical laboratories, just click here for more.