The Different Types of Vaccines
To stop the effects or spread of a disease through a vaccine a proper vaccine has to be in place for the specific disease that should have particular characteristics relating to the relevant disease. For a vaccine to meet its purpose in the right manner of functionality it should working such a manner that it fights the microbes that cause the disease without affecting or altering other elements of the body functionality. Vaccines that happen to affect various cells or alter their functionality when the immune system is responding to microbe is termed to have negative effects thus it cannot carry its purpose effectively. For a support vaccine to be termed as suitable it should poses some level of compatibility with other medications that can be related to similar ailments and also at what part of the world is the medicine recommended for use are some of the issues that should be factored in when designing good vaccine support medication.
There are five main categories of vaccines which are: attenuated vaccine, toxic vaccine, conjugate vaccine, inactive vaccine and subunit vaccine which are discussed broadly below. These type of vaccine is developed in the vaccine where the real microbe in weakened in the lab to such a point that it cannot harm the body cells causing illness where the real behavior of the microbe is studied so as to find a suitable vaccine. To learn how a microbe functions in the body a similar environment is created in the lab for learning purposes where microbes are studied. The main aim of creating microbes in a lab is to study the level at which the body is able to release antibodies to fight the different microbes and fight an illness and how to come up with relevant cure where an individual needs to take a few doses of the medicine to fight the disease of give enough assistance to the immune system to counter act against the harmful microbe. Diseases that are healed or controlled through such vaccine are chickenpox, rotavirus, measles, mumps, rubella, smallpox and yellow fever.
The other form of support vaccines is the toxic vaccine caused by bacteria that produce harmful chemicals. Illness can be caused by the toxic substance secreted by the bacteria. Formalin can be used to treat inactive toxin which is a solution of formaldehyde and sterilized water. Antibodies are produced after immunization to fight toxic substances and stop productions of the toxic matter. Some of the toxic and common vaccines administered in the body are tetanus and diphtheria.
Polysaccharides are used to help protect immature immune systems against illness by linking toxoids and antigens to the immune system. When there are sugar coating on a bacterium that ensures that bacterium antigens protect the immune system of newborn does not react to bacterium antibodies is known as polysaccharides.
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